Wallraf Richartz Museum
The Wallraf-Richartz-Museum & Fondation Corboud is Cologne’s oldest museum and one of the foremost picture galleries in Germany. It shows European painting from the 13th to the early 20th century and has one of the world’s leading collections of mediaeval painting, with Stefan Lochner’s “Madonna of the Rose Bower” as its greatest attraction. Other highlights include works by the Baroque masters, ranging from Rubens and Rembrandt to Murillo and Boucher, the German Romantics, French Realism, and Impressionism. A competition in 1996 for a new building between the so-called war Rathauspatz and the ruins of St. Alban was won by the Cologne architect Oswald Mathias Ungers. The new building stands on a historical basis and is of numerous witnesses to the centuries-old architectural history of this place. Excavations of a Roman temple, and medieval cellars can be seen in the basement of the museum, and behind the entrance lie the church ruins of St. Alban.