On 13 May 2000, a fireworks factory in Enschede's Roombeek neighbourhood exploded. Besides costing many lives, the explosion swept away 43 hectares of the city. The reconstruction plan was devised in close consultation with affected residents who wished to return to the neighbourhood. The history and identity of the area were given a great deal of consideration. Important pillars of the plan include a number of former textile businesses, the original street layout, the route of an old railway line and the idea of reintroducing the 'Roombeek' waterway. Another striking feature is the richly variegated programme of living, shopping, recreation, culture, education and business activity. The realised plan contains projects by known architects such as Benthem Crouwel, Erick van Egeraat, SeARCH, 2012 architects and Claus en Kaan. A large part of the plan is realised by private contractors and contains both free standing villa's and diverse row houses (text from architect's website).