Willem Marinus Dudok was born in Amsterdam in 1884. After graduating as an engineer from the Royal Military Academy in Breda, he was involved in the design and construction of fortresses and barracks for the Dutch army. In 1913, he started a career as a civil architect, when he was appointed temporary director of the Public Works department of the city of Leiden. While in his early work Dudok's style is closely related to that of the Amsterdam School, later the influence of Frank Lloyd Wright becomes more important, resulting in a style that is sometimes referred to as Cubistic Expressionism. Dudok's work is of some international influence. He died in Hilversum in 1974 and is buried at the Noorderbegraafplaats (Northern Cemetary), one of his own designs.