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Monument of Fosse Ardeatine

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Mario Fiorentino, Giuseppe Perugini, Mirko Basaldella
location Rome
function monument
contributed by Maarten_Scheurwater

On 24 March 1944, German occupation forces took 335 people from prisons, houses, and off the street, and brought them to the peaceful Ardeatine Caves to the south of Rome, where the victims were massacred because 33 Nazi soldiers were killed by the resistance. The Germans then mined the cliffs to make the caves collapse. After the liberation, the site was dug out and turned into a monument to the worst German atrocity of the Second World War in Rome. Today one of the most powerful national moments is erected on the location of the retaliatory massacre at the Pozzolana quarries along Via Ardeatina. It is a beautiful place that honours those who died in the caves. After World War II the bodies were re interred with honour, with their identities listed on the tombs. At the top of a hill is a small museum that recalls the War, German occupation, and privations throughout Italy after peace was declared.

Naomi says:
Thanks Francesca for noticing. The information is added!
Amsterdam, Netherlands 07-Dec-07
Francesca Romana Castelli says:
Mausoleo delle Fosse Ardeatine 1945-1947 (project) 1947-1949 (construction) 1952 (completion) Architects: Mario Fiorentino, Giuseppe Perugini with Nello Aprile, Cino Calcaprina, Aldo Cardelli Artists: Mirko Basaldella (gates), Francesco Coccia (sculpture)
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Monument of Fosse Ardeatine
Via Ardeatina 174
Project is public!
Opening hours Free entrance. Daily from 8:15 to 17:45 hr. On holidays: 8:45 - 17:15. Bus 714 (PALAZZO SPORT) 6 stops get out at P.ZA S. GIOVANNI IN LATERANO, take bus 218 (ARDEATINA/SCUOLA PADRE FORMATO) 10 stops or take bus 218 (ZANETTA) get out at FOSSE ARDEATINE 100 m walking to Via Ardeatina.
How to get there? Reaching Fosse Ardeatine is easy, but at the same time a challenge. The official name of the stop that most tourists take to the Catacombs of St. Callisto is Fosse Ardeatine. Instead of crossing the street to go to the catacombs you walk straight to the monument. From Stazione Termini bus 714 stop at St. John Lateran Square, then bus 218 stop at Fosse Ardeatine. From Piramide di Caio Cestio (Tube Piramide, Railway Station Ostiense) bus 118 to Catacombs of St. Callisto.
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Completion 1952
Main designer, ArchitectMario Fiorentino
ArchitectGiuseppe Perugini
ArtistMirko Basaldella
associate architectAldo Cardelli
associate architectCino Calcaprina
artistFrancesco Coccia
associate architectNello Aprile
Client City of Rome
Project ID 629
Latitude/Longitude 41°51'26N 12°30'38E
Contributed by Maarten_Scheurwater
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